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A framework of reference for pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures

This publication opens ways for implementing pluralistic approaches in classrooms in order to develop the plurilingual and intercultural competences of learners of all subjects. The term pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures refers to didactic approaches which involve the use of more than one / several varieties of languages or cultures simultaneously during the teaching process.
The Framework of Reference for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures (FREPA) which defines and exemplifies standards for pluralistic approaches, adds value to the CEFR… One hopes it will have the same influence on language teaching as the CEFR.

Hermann Funk - Friedrich Schiller University, Germany


Finalised version in English and French
(forthcoming: version in German)

Download flyer
Download 3-page folder

 FREPA National Networks flyer in French, English, or German

View all documents

Latest news


Pluralistic approaches and FREPA (Framework of Reference for the Pluralistic Approaches of Languages and Cultures)  in the new Aosta Valley Programmes / Implementation of the new Aosta Valley Programmes

Introducing Pluralistic Approaches and FREPA in programmes and curricula – the current state in Europe


The issue 2/15 of this journal (coordinated by B. Gerber and J-F de Pietro, FREPA team members) is devoted to Pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures– see http://babylonia.ch/



Video presenting the publication on the occasion of the ECML conference in December 2016 (video available in French).


01.10.2019 - 02.10.2019
Plurilingual and intercultural competences: descriptors and teaching materials (FREPA)
ECML training and consultancy for member States
Training workshop
Venue: University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
view details


For ongoing activities, please see the ECML training and consultancy page:

These pages result from a project run within the ECML's Learning through languages programme entitled "A Framework for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures" (FREPA/CARAP).
Find out more about the project here.