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A framework of reference for pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures

This publication opens ways for implementing pluralistic approaches in classrooms in order to develop the plurilingual and intercultural competences of learners of all subjects. The term pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures refers to didactic approaches which involve the use of more than one / several varieties of languages or cultures simultaneously during the teaching process.
The Framework of Reference for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures (FREPA) which defines and exemplifies standards for pluralistic approaches, adds value to the CEFR… One hopes it will have the same influence on language teaching as the CEFR.

Hermann Funk - Friedrich Schiller University, Germany


Finalised version in English and French
(forthcoming: version in German)

Download flyer
Download 3-page folder

 FREPA National Networks flyer in French, English, or German

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Latest news


Plurale Ansätze im Fremdsprachenunterricht in Deutschland
State of the art, Implementierung des REPA und Perspektiven

Silvia Melo-Pfeifer and  Daniel Reimann (eds.)
Gunter Narr Verlag, 2018


8th International Congress of Association EDiLiC (Éducation et Diversité Linguistique et Culturelle)

Interculturality and Awakening to languages (Éveil aux langues): challenges and opportunities to formal and non-formal educational contexts

Institute of Education, University of Lisbon, Portugal - 11th, 12th and 13th July 2019

Deadline for submission of abstracts: 5th January 2019




Video presenting the publication on the occasion of the ECML conference in December 2016 (video available in French).



For ongoing activities, please see the ECML training and consultancy page:

These pages result from a project run within the ECML's Learning through languages programme entitled "A Framework for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures" (FREPA/CARAP).
Find out more about the project here.