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A framework of reference for pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures

This publication opens ways for implementing pluralistic approaches in classrooms in order to develop the plurilingual and intercultural competences of learners of all subjects. The term pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures refers to didactic approaches which involve the use of more than one / several varieties of languages or cultures simultaneously during the teaching process.
ECML training and consultancy
Key ideas
Countries and languages

Teaching and learning materials
Parental involvement
The Framework of Reference for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures (FREPA) which defines and exemplifies standards for pluralistic approaches, adds value to the CEFR… One hopes it will have the same influence on language teaching as the CEFR.

Hermann Funk - Friedrich Schiller University, Germany


Finalised version in English and French
(forthcoming: version in German)

Download flyer
Download 3-page folder

 FREPA National Networks flyer in French, English, or German

View all documents


Video presenting the publication on the occasion of the ECML conference in December 2016 (video available in French).



Latest news


The issue 2/15 of this journal (coordinated by B. Gerber and J-F de Pietro, FREPA team members) is devoted to Pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures– see http://babylonia.ch/

International colloquium in Rabat, May 2-3 2016 

Multilingualism: Curricular Perspectives
Arabic  English  French  -  Call for papers extended until January 31st.

EDiLiC Conference, July 7-9 2016

Submission of proposals until February 15th
Call for papers extended until February 28th.
Organised in Györ (Hungary) by I. Lörincz, FREPA team member
Towards an inclusive, ethical and plurilingual language education


For ongoing activities, please see the ECML training and consultancy page:

These pages result from a project run within the ECML's Learning through languages programme entitled "A Framework for Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures" (FREPA/CARAP).
Find out more about the project here.